The price includes delivery of .wav or .aiff files from the studio's server. Telegraph is an Apple certified Mastered For iTunes facility, and can provide MFiT masters as well.
Attended Session: $120/Hour
Typically a 10-12 song album will take between 5-8 hours.
To work with Assistant Mastering Engineer Amy Dragon please get in touch for a quote.
Instrumental / A Capella / Alternate Version: $20/Track
Alternate versions of any track mastered with identical processing in the same session.
Production Master Disc: $50
Red Book compliant master disc with UPC/ISRC information and CD-Text encoded.
Disc Description Protocol images (DDPi) are electronic versions of master discs that are accepted by many replication plants around the world. They are 100% true representations of your masters with all music, PQ coding, fades/transitions, and ISRCs/UPC data intact. DDPi can easily be sent to a plant via FTP, removing the need for physical media and the resources to ship it. Since this saves money and is better for the environment DDPi assembly is free at Telegraph.
Reference Disc: $10
Reference discs are intended for personal listening or copying. Reference disc should not be used for CD replication or vinyl pressing.
Shipping: 3-day shipping of CD production masters to your door or the domestic plant of your choice is included. Expedited shipping or shipping to foreign plants is extra and varies based on destination zip/postal code.
These prices are for materials and "flat cuts", meaning a straight transfer with no additional mastering work. If additional mastering work is necessary it is billed at the regular per-track rate.
Getting a reference acetate disc is recommended, even if it's just one side of your project. Catching a problem before it goes to the plant will ultimately save you time and money.
Please note reference acetate rates are for projects that include mastering and/or lacquer cutting. If you’d like a one-off dubplate get in touch for pricing.
Shipping: Varies based on plant you are using.
I recommend shipping lacquers overnight. I know express shipping is more expensive and budgets are often tight, but you really don't want lacquers sitting in some truck or warehouse for days.
All payments are handled via invoice on or before release of mastered material. Credit cards, checks, PayPal, cash, and wire transfers accepted.
When using wire transfers an additional $40 is added to cover bank fees.
How do I book mastering?
What is the turnaround time?
How should I prepare my mixes?Please print mixes without limiting or clipping. 3dBFS of headroom is ideal. Don't worry about getting it loud, I have the tools to get the level you want without damaging your music.
As a rule, If you are applying a processor for it's sonic impact it should be a part of your mix. If you are applying it only to make things loud, take it off.
I accept .WAV, .AIFF files at bit depths up to 32bit and sample rates up to 192kHz. I also accept Data CD-Rs and both 1/2" and 1/4" analog tape (Please print tones at 100Hz, 1kHz & 10 kHz).
What are ISRC codes, do I need them, and how can I get them?International Standard Recording Codes (ISRC) are the internationally recognized ID codes for music. ISRCs are assigned on a per-track basis and are widely used in digital commerce, reporting, and for delivery of royalty payments. You don't need them to press a CD or distribute your music digitally, but they aid in tracking usage of your music and getting paid.
To get ISRCs in the U.S. go to USISRC.org. You must register with the RIAA which costs $75, but after that you are entitled to unlimited codes.
To get ISRCs in the U.K. contact PPL
To get ISRCs in Canada contact AVLA
To get ISRCs elsewhere contact IFPI
Can I attend the mastering session?Yes. Attended sessions are great.
How can I send in my mixes?You can upload to the client area. Please get in touch for the username and password.
Please place your mixes in a ZIP or RAR archive for an easy, error-free transfer.
1/4” or 1/2” tape can be mailed to:
4207 SE Woodstock BLVD
Portland, OR 97206
What is CD-TEXT? Does it make song/artist info appear in iTunes?CD Text is coded artist/album/song information that plays in some models of CD players. It is only compatible with supported CD players and not in computer programs such as iTunes or Spotify. I will add approved CD Text to your masters at no extra charge.
iTunes information is pulled from the Gracenote/CDDB. The easiest way to submit your album's information to Gracenote is to select Submit CD Track Names in the Advanced menu in iTunes after all the information has been entered into iTunes.
What is vinyl mastering?Vinyl mastering is preparing the best cut possible, and getting that cut onto a set of lacquers.
All our lacquers are cut in-house. Your songs can be cut directly during the mastering session, or songs mastered elsewhere can be cut.
I've never released a vinyl record before, what do I need to know?Here's what you need to do:
- Select a record pressing plant to press your records. The plant will need to plate the master lacquers to create stampers, and use the stampers in manufacturing your finished records. If you need suggestions on where to press just ask. The plant will have you fill out paperwork to create an account. You'll also need to create a matrix number that will be etched into the lacquers and serve as a "project reference ID" for your record. Matrix numbers are usually an abbreviation of your record label or band name.
- Book a mastering session to have lacquers created for your project. One lacquer is needed for each side of a record so a regular 2 sided discs needs 2 lacquers created, a double LP would need 4, etc. Let me know where the project is being pressed, and I'll send the lacquers directly to the plating facility. I can make a reference acetate of your project, which is basically a one-off copy of your record cut directly on the lathe. These are useful so you can listen to your project on a record player, before manufacturing, to catch any problems or things you'd like changed. I recommend getting a reference disc. Many people opt simply to get test presses from the plant, but I think checking the sound at every stage of the process is prudent and prevents potential delays and frustration.
- Prepare artwork for the center-labels and packaging for your record. Many plants offer both manufacturing and packing together in one service while other plants only do vinyl so you'll need the packaging printed elsewhere. Check with your plant to see what services they offer when planning your project.
- A few weeks after everything is sent to the plant you'll receive test presses of your record. These are a small batch of finished records. Most plants require approval of test presses before manufacturing the bulk of your order. Once you approve the test presses the plant will complete the remainder of your order.
An overview useful information regarding vinyl can be found in this video.If you have any additional questions, please contact me.
How long can my record be?Please use the information below as a guide for timing sides. As the length of a side goes up the loudness goes down because the grooves on the record have to be cut thinner (quieter) to fit more information. Very long sides are possible, but not very loud.
12" (33 1/3 RPM) 12" (45 RPM)
Best - 18 minutes per side
OK - 20 to 22 minutes per side
Best - 8 to 9 minutes per side
OK - 12 minutes per side
10" (33 1/3 RPM) 10" (45 RPM)
Best - 8 to 9 minutes per side
OK - 13 minutes per side
Best - 6 to 7 minutes per side
OK- 10 minutes per side
7" (33 1/3 RPM) 7" (45 RPM)
Best - 5 minutes per side
OK - 6 minutes per side
Best - 3 minutes per side
OK - 5 minutes per side
Are different masters required for vinyl and CD?Not required, but I recommend it. Vinyl masters prepared with optimized frequency content for lacquer cutting and without clipping produce the best sounding records.
Can you provide hi-resolution digital files of my vinyl masters?Yes. If you'd like to get lacquers cut elsewhere, or would simply like a backup of your vinyl masters, I can provide the files. They can be delivered via the studio's server, on a data DVD, or uploaded directly to the plant of your choice.
What is Mastered For iTunes?
Telegraph is an approved Mastered For iTunes facility, and can provide MFiT masters.
What if the iTunes format changes?No problem. By having hi-resolution digital masters you are 'future proofed' against format changes. The masters can be easily archived, and will be ready for re-issues and re-pressings.